As early as 700AD, the area now known as New Mexico was settled by indigenous people who were morphing their lifestyles from a nomadic hunting-based existence to a stable agricultural existence. They began to build permanent structures, including pithouses, cliff dwellings, and familiar “pyramid” shaped pueblos. These structures were almost purely functional, providing protection from the elements and natural enemies as well as places to store a growing collection of implements needed for a farming lifestyle. In historic documents, this period of architecture is called “Indian Style.” Today, however, these architectural forms are referred to as Pueblo Style.
An interesting aspect of this architecture is that the Puebloan peoples will sometimes allow a building to die. They believe that, as in life, everything has a season, and sometimes that season ends.
Click here to see a list of Puebloan Architecture Traits
Click here to read about the 2010 restoration at Taos Pueblo.